Apples are one of the most commonly consumed fruits worldwide and can be found in almost every grocery store or market. The saying, “an apple a day keeps the doctor away”, is not just an old wives tale as research has shown that apples have several health benefits. In this article, we will discuss the health benefits of apples, their nutritional facts, risks of eating apples, and tips for consuming apples.

Health Benefits of Apples

Improves Digestive Health

Apples are a great source of soluble fiber, which helps improve digestive health. Soluble fiber absorbs water and forms a gel-like substance that moves through the digestive system, slowing down the digestion process. This slow digestion process promotes regular bowel movement and prevents constipation.

Improves Digestive Health

Boosts Heart Health

Apples contain antioxidants, especially flavonoids, which are beneficial for heart health. These antioxidants help reduce inflammation, lower blood pressure, and decrease the risk of cardiovascular diseases. According to a study published by the American Heart Association, consuming apples daily reduces the risk of death from cardiovascular disease by 20%.

Boosts Heart Health

May Support Weight Management

Apples are rich in fiber, which promotes satiety and reduces appetite. A study published in the Journal of Functional Foods found that consuming apples daily for 10 weeks reduced body weight and body mass index (BMI) in overweight individuals.

May Prevent Diabetes

Apples have a low glycemic index, which means they don’t cause a spike in blood sugar levels. A study published in the British Journal of Nutrition found that eating apples was associated with a lower risk of developing type-2 diabetes.

Decreases the Risk of Cancer

Apples contain antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds that help protect against cancer. According to the American Institute for Cancer Research, consuming apples could reduce the risk of developing colorectal cancer.

Supports Brain Health

Apples contain phytochemicals, which protect brain cells from damage that can lead to neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease. A study published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease found that consuming apple juice daily for four weeks improved memory in individuals with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer’s disease.

Nutritional Facts of Apples

Apples are low in calories and high in nutrients. One medium-sized apple (182 grams) contains:

  • Calories: 95 calories
  • Protein: 0.5 g
  • Carbohydrates: 25 g
  • Sugar: 19 g
  • Fiber: 4.4 g
  • Vitamin C: 9% of the Daily Value (DV)
  • Water: 86%

Risks of Eating Apples

While apples are generally considered safe, there are a few risks associated with consuming them.

Risks of Eating Apples


Apples are one of the most pesticide-contaminated fruits, according to the Environmental Working Group’s 2021 Dirty Dozen list. To reduce exposure to pesticides, it is recommended to buy organic apples or wash and thoroughly scrub conventionally grown apples before consuming.


Some individuals may have an allergic reaction to apples, which can cause symptoms such as itching, swelling, and difficulty breathing. Apples can also trigger oral allergy syndrome (OAS) in individuals with pollen allergies.

Uncut Apples Pose a Choking Hazard

Eating whole, uncut apples can pose a choking hazard, especially for young children or individuals with difficulty swallowing. It is recommended to cut the apple into small pieces before consuming.

Tips for Consuming Apples

Here are some tips for incorporating apples into your diet:

  • Eat them as a snack or add them to your favorite smoothie or salad
  • Bake them with cinnamon for a healthy dessert
  • Use them as a natural sweetener in your muffins or oatmeal
  • Pair them with cheese for a tasty and nutritious snack


Apples are a delicious and nutritious fruit that offers several health benefits, including improving digestive health, boosting heart health, supporting weight management, preventing diabetes, decreasing the risk of cancer, and supporting brain health. By considering the risks associated with consuming apples and following the tips for incorporating them into your diet, you can enjoy the health benefits of this superfood.


  1. Harvard Health Publishing, An apple a day may not keep the doctor away, but it’s a healthy choice anyway
  2. Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Apples
  3. Medical News Today, What to know about apples
  4. Environmental Working Group, Pesticides in Produce
  5. American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, Oral Allergy Syndrome (OAS) Defined