Dry eye is a common condition that affects millions of individuals worldwide. It occurs when the eyes are unable to produce enough tears or maintain proper lubrication, leading to discomfort, redness, and irritation. While Causes Dry Eye can be a temporary annoyance for some, it can have a significant impact on the quality of life for others. In this article, we will delve into the various factors that contribute to Causes Dry Eye and explore diverse perspectives on the issue.

Factors Contributing to Dry Eye

Age: According to the American Optometric Association, dry eye affects an estimated 5-30% of individuals aged 50 and older, making it more common among the elderly. Aging changes in tear production and quality, as well as an increased prevalence of underlying health conditions, play a significant role in its development.


Environmental Conditions: Environmental factors such as low humidity, excessive heat, wind, and air conditioning can contribute to dry eye. A study published in the Journal of Ophthalmology (1) revealed that prolonged exposure to computer screens and other digital devices can also exacerbate symptoms of dry eye due to decreased blink rates and incomplete blinking.

Environmental Conditions

Medications and Medical Conditions: Certain medications, including antihistamines, diuretics, antidepressants, and medications for hypertension, can cause or worsen dry eye symptoms. Medical conditions such as Sjögren’s syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, and thyroid disorders are also associated with an increased risk of dry eye.

Contact Lens Wear: Contact lens users are more prone to dry eye due to reduced oxygen flow to the cornea and interference with normal tear film distribution. Improper lens hygiene, overuse, or wearing lenses for an extended period can contribute to dryness and discomfort.

Contact Lens Wear

Hormonal Changes: Fluctuations in hormone levels, particularly for women during pregnancy, menopause, or while taking hormone replacement therapy, can lead to dry eye symptoms. The hormonal imbalance can affect tear production and quality, resulting in dryness and irritation.

Diverse Perspectives on Dry Eye

Physiological Perspective: From a physiological standpoint, dry eye occurs when there is an insufficient quantity or abnormal quality of tears to lubricate the eye surface adequately. This perspective focuses on factors such as tear film instability, meibomian gland dysfunction, and inflammation of the ocular surface as major contributors to the condition.

Lifestyle Perspective: This perspective emphasizes lifestyle factors such as spending excessive time in front of screens, frequent air travel, or living in dry climates as major triggers for dry eye. It suggests that modifying these lifestyle habits, including taking regular breaks, using lubricating eye drops, and employing proper eye care hygiene, can help alleviate symptoms.

Preventive Perspective: Some experts advocate for a proactive approach to prevent or delay the onset of dry eye. This perspective emphasizes the need for regular eye examinations, maintaining good eyelid hygiene, wearing sunglasses to protect against excessive sunlight exposure, and adopting strategies to reduce eye strain, such as ergonomic workstation setups.


Dry eye is a multifaceted condition influenced by a combination of factors. While age, environmental conditions, medications, medical conditions, contact lens wear, and hormonal changes contribute to its development, diverse perspectives shed light on different approaches to managing or preventing dry eye symptoms. Incorporating a comprehensive understanding of the causes and perspectives surrounding dry eye can lead to more effective treatment strategies and improved quality of life for individuals experiencing this condition.


  1. American Optometric Association (AOA), Age-Related Prevalence and Risk Factors of Dry Eye Syndrome
  2. Journal of Ophthalmology, Environmental Changes and the Impact on Dry Eye Syndrome
  3. American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO), Dry Eye
  4. The Optometrists Network, The Dry Eye Evaluation